Outputs & Recommendations

09
Feb
2016

Data Description Registry Interoperability Model

By Amir Aryani

Data Description Registry Interoperability WG is working on a series of bi-lateral information exchange projects and an open, extensible, and flexible cross-platform research data discovery software solutions. Research Data Switchboard is a collaborative project by the members of the DDRI WG. This project leverages DataCite DOI, ORCID and other persistent identifiers, and uses simple but effective research graph technology to link datasets.

14
Sep
2016

23 Things: Libraries for Research Data (Supporting Output)

By Stefanie Kethers

23 Things: Libraries for Research Data provides an overview of practical, free, online resources and tools that you can begin using today to incorporate research data management into your practice of librarianship from the Libraries for Research Data Interest Group of the Research Data Alliance.

26
Jun
2019

39 Hints to Facilitate the Use of Semantics for Data on Agriculture and Nutrition

By Marieke Willems

This document presents the recommendations of the RDA Agrisemantics Working Group (WG) to promote the use of semantics for agricultural data for the purpose of enhancing data interoperability in agriculture. These recommendations are high-level, to encourage researchers and practitioners to extend them according to their area of expertise. 

10
Oct
2019

A curriculum for foundational Research Data Science skills for Early Career Researchers

By Daniel Bangert

This recommendation describes the curriculum and example materials to give Early Career Researchers (ECR’s) the foundational skills in Data Science to work with their data. This curriculum combines technical skills, such as Software Carpentry with responsible research practices such as Open and Responsible Research.

15
Jun
2018

A survey of current practices in data search services

By Mingfang Wu

Relevancy ranking is an important component of making a data repository's search system responsive to data seekers’ needs. The Research Data Alliance (RDA) Data Discovery Paradigms Interest Group is a collaborative activity within our data community which aims to improve data searchability. This survey is intended to gather information about the current practices and lessons learnt by data repositories in implementing relevancy ranking in search systems.

01
Mar
2018

Addressing the Gaps: Recommendations for Supporting the Long Tail of Research Data

By Stefanie Kethers

The “Long Tail of Research Data Interest Group” has been assessing the situation of long tail data over the last three years, and urges the broader community to consider the risks and opportunities related to long-tail data. This document provides seven recommendations for a variety of stakeholders, including governments, funders, research institutions and researchers to help improve the current approach to managing long tail data. We call on the community to work together to create necessary and sufficient conditions to ensure we are able to properly steward these valuable research outputs for future generations of researchers.

24
Jan
2016

An open, universal literature-data cross-linking service - RDA/WDS Publishing Data Services WG Recommendations

By Hylke Koers

The ICSU-WDS & RDA Publishing Data Services group proposes an approach to sharing information about the links between the literature and research data. A set of hubs will collect literature­data (as well as data­data) links from their natural communities using minor extensions to existing local procedures and, in some cases, inference. The hubs agree on an interoperability framework with a common information model and open exchange methods, optimised for exchanging information among the hubs. The hubs will serve as an enabling global information infrastructure for the development of (third party) services.

The Recommendation is also published at the following DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15497/RDA00002

Relevant to this recommendation is also the release of the Scholix framework by ICSU-WDS and RDA, details can be found here: https://rd-alliance.org/rda-and-icsu-wds-announce-scholix-framework-link...

12
Dec
2017

Austin Principles of Data Citation in Linguistics

By Lauren Gawne

Data is central to empirical linguistic research. Linguistic data comes in many different forms, and is collected and processed with a wide range of methods. Data citation recognizes the centrality of data to research. Furthermore, it facilitates verification of claims and repurposing of data for other studies.

19
Jan
2015

Basic Vocabulary of Foundational Terminology Query Tool - Data Foundation and Terminology (DFT) WG Recommendations

By Peter Wittenburg

Based on 21 data models presented by experts coming from different disciplines and 120 interviews and interactions with different scientists and scientific departments, the DFT group has produced 5 inter-related reports and defined a number of simple definitions for digital data in a registered domain based on an agreed conceptualization.

23
Nov
2016

CODATA/RDA Summer School in Data Science and Cloud Computing in the Developing World WG Recommendations

By Hugh Shanahan

The CODATA/RDA Summer School in Data Science and Cloud Computing in the Developing World WG provides a framework to run a series of Summer Schools in Data Science and data sharing in low and middle income countries (LMICs) with the goal of addressing the gap in research data science skills that stops researchers from reaping the benefits of the data revolution.

16
Jan
2020

Compilation of Data Versioning Use cases from the RDA Data Versioning Working Group

By Mingfang Wu

Data versioning is a fundamental element to ensuring the reproducibility of research. Work in other RDA groups on data provenance and data citation, as well as the W3C Dataset Exchange Working Group, have highlighted that definitions of data versioning concepts and recommended practices are still missing.

04
Nov
2014

Data Type Model and Registry - Data Type Registries (DTR) WG Recommendations

By Larry Lannom

Often researchers receive a file from colleagues, follow a link, or otherwise encounter data created elsewhere that they would like to make use of in their own work. However, they may not know how to work with it, interpret it or visualise its content, being unfamiliar with the specifics of the structure and/or meaning of the data, ranging from individual observations up to complex data sets. Frequently, researchers need to stop here since it requires too much work to look for explanations, tools, and where tools exist, install them.

25
Jun
2020

Developing a Research Data Policy Framework for All Journals and Publishers

By Daniel Bangert

Defines and describes 14 features of journal research data policies and arranges these into a set of six standard policy types or tiers, which can be adopted by journals and publishers to promote data sharing in a way that encourages good practice and is appropriate for their audience's perceived needs.

05
Nov
2019

Engaging Researchers with Data Management: The Cookbook

By Marta Teperek

Engaging Researchers with Data Management is an invaluable collection of 24 case studies, drawn from institutions across the globe, that demonstrate clearly and practically how to engage the research community with RDM. These case studies together illustrate the variety of innovative strategies research institutions have developed to engage with their researchers about managing research data.

10
Apr
2020

FAIR Data Maturity Model: specification and guidelines - draft

By Marieke Willems

Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability and Reusability – the FAIR principles – intend to define a minimal set of related but independent and separable guiding principles and practices that enable both machines and humans to find, access, interoperate and re-use research data and metadata. The FAIR principles have to be considered as inspiring concepts but not strict rules. Unfortunately, they often lead to diverse interpretations and ambiguity.

28
Nov
2017

Income Streams for Data Repositories

By Stefanie Kethers

Basic funding of data infrastructure may not keep pace with increasing costs. There is a need, therefore, to consider alternative cost recovery options and a diversification of revenue streams. In short: who will pay for public access to research data? The RDA/WDS Interest Group Publishing Data Cost Recovery for Data Centres aims to contribute to strategic thinking on cost recovery by conducting research to understand current and possible cost recovery strategies for data centres.

26
Mar
2015

Machine Actionable Policy Templates - Practical Policy WG Recommendations

By Reagan Moore

Computer actionable policies are used to enforce management, automate administrative tasks, validate assessment criteria, and automate scientific analyses. The benefits of using policies include minimization of the amount of labor needed to manage a collection, the ability to publish to the users the rules that are being used, and the ability to automate process management.

26
Sep
2016

Matrix of use cases and functional requirements for research data repository platforms

By Stefan Kramer

The matrix describes the functional requirements identified for research data repository platforms. The functional requirements are based on eleven use cases that describe their requirements for digital repository platforms. The matrix provides a description for forty-four requirements and, for each one, provides a functional requirement score that is based on the use cases. Functional requirements of greater importance are identified with higher functional requirement scores. The functional requirement scores can be used to assess research data repository platforms and to prioritize functional requirements for development and adoption.

09
Feb
2016

Metadata Standards Directory Working Group Recommendations

By Rebecca Koskela

The Metadata Standards Directory Working Group set out to develop a directory that would enable researchers, and those who support them, to discover metadata standards that would be appropriate for documenting their research data, regardless of their academic discipline. It happened that a directory with similar aims had recently been developed independently by the UK Digital Curation Centre (DCC), so the group collaborated with the DCC on developing the directory further to achieve additional goals regarding coverage, ease of maintenance, and sustainability.

19
Jan
2015

PID Information Types (PIT) WG Recommendations

By Tobias Weigel

The working group on Persistent Identifier Information Types of the Research Data Alliance concerned itself with the essential types of information associated with persistent identifiers. The working group developed a conceptual model for structuring typed information, an application programming interface for access to typed information and a demonstrator implementing the interface. The final deliverable consists of a summarizing report, the interface specification and a set of exemplary types.

16
Jan
2020

Principles and best practices in data versioning for all data sets big and small

By Mingfang Wu

The demand for better reproducibility of research results is growing. More and more data is becoming available online. In some cases, the datasets have become so large that downloading the data is no longer feasible. Data can also be offered through web services and accessed on demand.

23
Apr
2020

RDA COVID-19 Guidelines and Recommendations

By Hilary Hanahoe

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

23
Oct
2017

RDA Research Data Collections WG Recommendations

By Tobias Weigel

This recommendation provides a comprehensive model for actionable collections and a technical interface specification to enable client-server interaction. It also reports on first adoption and implementation efforts across communities and institutions and provides perspectives on the use of data types in connection with collection structures, highlighting pathways for possible future work.

30
Aug
2018

RDA/TDWG Attribution Metadata Working Group: Final Recommendations

By Anne Thessen

Research collections are an important tool for understanding the Earth, its systems, and human interaction. Despite the importance of collections, many are not maintained or curated as thoroughly as they should. Part of the reason for this is the lack of professional reward for curation, maintenance, or collection. To address this gap in attribution metadata, this Working Group recommends the use of PROV entities and properties to link people (Agent), the curatorial actions they perform (Activity), and the digital or physical objects they are curating (Entity). Assigning a Role to an Agent is optional. These recommendations are discussed in the context of the RDA and existing standards. A separate technical document gives specific examples of three use cases as RDF Turtle representations and diagrams.

24
Jan
2016

RDA/WDS Publishing Data Workflows WG Recommendations

By Suenje Dallmeier-Tiessen

Workflows that enable persistence, quality control and access are all crucial to enhance the possibilities for greater discoverability as well as efficient and reliable reuse of research data. Such workflows for data publishing are at the core of this analysis and working group.

13
Dec
2018

Recommendation on PID Kernel Information

By Stefanie Kethers

Global middleware infrastructure is insufficient for robust data identification, discovery, and use. While infrastructure is emerging within sub-ecosystems such as the DOI ecosystem of services purposed for data and literature objects (i.e., DataCite, CHORUS, CrossRef), in general the layers of abstraction that have made the Internet so easy to build on, is lacking for data especially for computer (machine) automated services.

02
Nov
2015

Repository Audit and Certification DSA–WDS Partnership WG Recommendations

By Rorie Edmunds

The Catalogue of Common Procedures was developed by the DSA–WDS Partnership Working Group on Repository Audit and Certification, a Working Group (WG) of the Research Data Alliance (RDA) . The goal of the effort was to create a set of harmonized Common Procedures for certification of repositories at the basic level, drawing from the procedures already put in place by the Data Seal of Approval (DSA) and the ICSU World Data System (ICSU­-WDS). These procedures are intended to support the implementation of the Catalogue of Common Requirements developed by the WG to harmonize the certification criteria previously established by the DSA and ICSU-­WDS.

20
Jul
2017

Research Data Repository Interoperability Primer

By Stefanie Kethers

This is the first deliverable of the RDRIWG, the Research Data Repository Interoperability Primer. It presents the targeted use cases as well as an overview of standards, technologies and tools this WG has expertise in and which are potentially a part of the proposed consensus. The main focus of the document is on machine operable interfaces, but it also contains a comprehensible collection of data and metadata formats and models focusing on the exchange of digital content in a generic way. Finally, a selection of custom tools is presented, which might not be adopted, but can support decisions through the experience gained while developing and using them. The present document will serve as a basis for discussions towards a consensus to be accepted by a majority of WG members and platform developers in order to achieve a broad adoption of the WGs' outcome and to make progress toward research data repository interoperability.

21
Jun
2018

Research Data Repository Interoperability WG Final Recommendations

By Thomas Jejkal

The goal of the RDA Research Data Repository Interoperability WG (RDRIWG) was to achieve consensus on an adoptable approach to facilitating research data repository interoperability for a defined set of initial use cases. The following document presents final recommendations the members of the RDRIWG have agreed on. It describes a general exchange format based on the well-known BagIt specification complemented with BagIt Profiles, another specification defining how to describe the internal structure of BagIt-based packages. In order to achieve a basic level of interoperability with regard to the content of such exchange packages, the WG members have agreed on recommending to include DataCite metadata in each package. The presented recommendations document describes the exchange format itself together with adoption guidelines and information about related efforts. In addition, early adoptions are publicly available at GitHub and referenced within the document.

23
May
2019

Results of an Analysis of Existing FAIR Assessment Tools

By Stefanie Kethers

This document is a first output of the FAIR Data Maturity Model WG. This resulted in five slide decks, combined in this pdf document, that make up this preliminary analysis.

The document was updated after the community review period, and the current version v3 is attached to this page. The previous version v0.02, which underwent the community review, is also available.

02
Nov
2015

Scalable Dynamic Data Citation Methodology

By Andreas Rauber

The aim of the Dynamic Data Citation Working Group was to devise a simple, scalable mechanism that allows the precise, machine-actionable identification of arbitrary sub selections of data at a given point in time irrespective of any subsequent addition, deletion or modification. The approach recommended by the Working Group relies on dynamic resolution of a data citation via a time-stamped query also known as dynamic data citation. It is based on time-stamped and versioned source data and time-stamped queries utilized for retrieving the desired dataset at the specific time in the appropriate version.

14
Apr
2020

Scholix Metadata Schema for Exchange of Scholarly Communication Links

By Stefanie Kethers

The Scholix framework together with the DLI aggregation are designed to enable other 3rd party services (domain-specific aggregations, integrations with other global services, discovery tools, impact assessments etc).
Scholix is an evolving lightweight set of guidelines to increase interoperability.

10
Aug
2016

Sustainable Business Models for Brokering Middleware to support Research Interoperability

By Stefano Nativi

The Brokering Governance Recommendation discusses the strengths and weakness of different models in the context of long-term sustainment of brokering middleware. Examination of alternatives leads to a prioritization among models with the recognition that no single model by itself is likely to provide the desired sustainment. The analysis suggests that a hybridized model incorporating aspects of three different business models over the lifespan of the brokering middleware, i.e. federally funded data facility guardianship in the establishment stage replaced or supported by a Consortium model and/or Software-as-a- Service as the broker matures, will likely provide the strongest model for sustainment.

11
Oct
2018

The FAIRsharing Registry and Recommendations: Interlinking Standards, Databases and Data Policies

By Hilary Hanahoe

This document describes the outputs of a joint RDA-Force11 FAIRsharing WG: the FAIRsharing resource of interlinked records on standards (for identifying, reporting, citing data and metadata), databases (repositories and knowledge-bases) and data policies (from journals, publishers, funders and other organizations), ranging from the generic and multi-disciplinary, to those from specific domains. The FAIRsharing recommendations, to guide the users and producers of standards, databases and repositories on how to best select and describe these resources; and to guide funders and publishers on how to recommend them in data policies. These outputs are tightly bound together as the registry enacts the recommendations, through the provision of well-described and interlinked records, which are curated and maintained with the support and input of the producers of these resources.

30
Jun
2020

The final version of the RDA COVID-19 Recommendations and Guidelines for Data Sharing, published 30 June 2020

By Bridget Walker

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

09
Dec
2016

Transparency and Openness in RDA

By Stefanie Kethers

The Council Operations and Coordination Subcommittee (see https://www.rd-alliance.org/about-rda/governance/rda-council/rda-council...) has revised the document on Transparency and Openness in response to the community comment received on the previous version (which is attached to this page).  

Community comments on this new version are very welcome.

30
Apr
2019

WDS/RDA Assessment of Data Fitness for Use WG Outputs and Recommendations

By Marieke Willems

This statement describes the background, efforts and outputs of the WDS/RDA Assessment of Data Fitness for Use Working Group. This group was chartered to develop criteria, procedures for assessment of research data fitness for use, along with a means to communicate this assessment to others. It concluded with development of a) criteria for research dataset fitness for use compared against the CoreTrustSeal requirements and FAIR principles, and b) a checklist for evaluation of dataset for fitness for use meant to supplement the CoreTrustSeal Repository Certification process. The checklist carries with it numerous caveats that exemplify the broad landscape surrounding dataset fitness assessment that this working group has mapped.

09
Feb
2016

Wheat Data Interoperability Recommendations

By Esther DZALE YEUMO

These recommendations have been prepared by members of the Wheat Data Interoperability Working Group (WG). The group is coordinated by members of the Wheat Initiative, a global initiative that aims to reinforce synergies between bread and durum wheat national and international research programmes to increase food security, nutritional value and safety while taking into account societal demands for sustainable and resilient agricultural production systems.

An earlier version of the endorsed guidelines is also available.