GORC IG: Typology and Definitions


GORC IG: Typology and Definitions

By Bridget Walker


Group co-chairs:  Andrew TreloarSarah JonesDevika MadalliMark LeggottJavier Lopez Albacete

Supporting Output title: GORC IG: Typology and Definitions

Authors:  Sarah Jones, Mark Leggott, Javier Lopez Albacete, Devika Madalli, Corina Pascu, Karen Payne, Michel Schouppe, Andrew Treloar

Impact: The need for coordination of data infrastructure on various levels (country, continent, discipline, sector) arises from the emergence of so called “Open Science Commons” or “Data commons”, which provide a shared virtual space or platform that presents the researcher with a marketplace for data and services. Examples include the European Open Science Cloud, the Australian Research Data Commons, the African Open Science Platform, open government portals and a range of initiatives outside traditional research contexts. Coordinating across these initiatives to enable a global network of interoperable data commons is the goal. This output is a significant step towards agreeing on a shared understanding of what a “Commons” is in the research data space and what functionality, coverage and characteristics such an initiative requires. 

Contribution to United Nations SDGs: This output contributes directly to SDG Goal 17 (Partnerships for the Goals) and indirectly to all of the other Goals by strengthening the research environments which researchers are using to address those goals.

DOI: 10.15497/RDA00087



This output describes a typology of the essential elements in a Commons. In developing this typology, the IG identified the need to also provide a set of definitions for each of the typology elements. This document is the formal statement of this typology with the associated definitions. The typology has arisen from careful discussions within the Interest Group and a process of consultation and refinement at RDA Plenaries over the last 4 years. The definitions are current as of early 2023. As this field evolves, the definitions and typology may need to be revisited.


Licence: CC-BY 4.0 International

Review period start: 
Thursday, 11 May, 2023 to Sunday, 11 June, 2023
Group content visibility: 
Public - accessible to all site users
Primary WG Focus / Output focus: 
Domain Agnostic: 
Domain Agnostic
PDF icon GORC IG - Definitions Document.pdf241.71 KB