Neuroimaging Community of Practice Agreement
e-ReproNim fulfils the RDA’s mission to build the social and technical bridges that enable open sharing and re-use of data in the domain of neuroimaging. The CoP envisions a neuroimaging research landscape in which knowledge is generated in a reproducible fashion (in terms of data, analysis and computation) and coupled with the ability to reuse and extend these studies by others in the community. We aim to shift the way neuroimaging research is performed and reported, with the development and implementation of technology that supports reproducibility at the levels of data management, analysis and utilisation for both within- and between-lab opportunities, including the use of widely distributed and/or large populations to address basic and clinical research questions. In short, the ReproNim vision is to help neuroimaging researchers: Find and Share data in a FAIR fashion (discover resources); Comprehensively describe their data and analysis workflows (describe research processes); and Manage their computational resource options (do analysis).
The stark realisation that scientific results do not always readily replicate has led some to investigate the root causes of the so-called “reproducibility crisis”. Such self-critical appraisal has been so far more prevalent in Psychology and Neuroscience than in other disciplines, and typically highlight statistical issues, like inadequate statistical designs, as well as poor computational training; problems that are only likely to worsen as data grow larger, become more widely shared, and advanced techniques are imported from fields of engineering, like machine learning.
Specifically, neuroimaging data, in both clinical and fundamental research, have the particularity that they involve a large number of processing steps on a very heterogeneous set of equipments and infrastructures, from the moment they are gathered in proprietary devices (magnetic resonance imaging scanners, electro- encephalography systems, etc) through preprocessing, analysis to annotation, curation and finally deposited into open repositories for others to use in upstream research. A lot of this pipeline remains an error-prone, manual process that relies on the researcher’s voluntary (and unpaid) efforts to acquire an understanding of the infrastructure available and their technical knowledge to use it, to ensure the traceability and provenance of the data, the reproducibility and replicability of the work, and the production of FAIR open datasets.
The successful integration of such data into routine neuroimaging practice thus requires neuroscientists to develop skills that fall outside of ordinary training curricula, which should also include data curation, data handling, high performance and on-demand computation (in the “cloud”), semantic web annotation, as well as statistics suitable for large scale inference. The researchers who have been the most receptive to exploring and developing such techniques are typically early career researchers, motivated by the desire to learn, apply and share robust practices. e-ReproNim seeks to alleviate some of the biggest challenges they face: They are not formally trained and teach themselves these new data practices following online resources, in isolation and on a voluntary basis.
The CoP thus fills this gap of support, by pooling interests, experiences and expertises into a platform available globally.
e-ReproNim takes a train-the-trainer approach and aims to create a CoP focusing on 1) creating, consolidating and providing formal training to fifteen aspiring trainers (“EOSC/RDA e-ReproNim Fellows”), and 2) engaging the community in an interdisciplinary examination of the gaps that remain, and identifying the resource and infrastructures available in Europe, including EOSC and JISC services. Our project is intended to be partnered with our other CoP proposal (“Building a Psychology RDA Community of Practice”, coordinated by Dr Stewart), as well as national, like national Reproducibility Networks (UKRN, FRRN, Swiss RN, etc) and international partners, like TESS/ELIXIS or the North American sister CoP ReproNim.
Within the year, fifteen EOSC/RDA e-ReproNim Fellowships will be awarded to early career researchers (ECRs) in Neuroscience engaged with open and transparent research activities at their home institutions within the EU and the UK. These fifteen Fellows complement fifteen additional fellows from the EOSC/RDA CoP “Building a Psychology RDA Community of Practice”. The RDA fellowships will allow these fellows to 1) fund time for software and data management training for themselves, and 2) organise training on the principles of software and data management at their home institutions.
Fellows are selected according to their current role and experience of training students and researchers at their local institutions, and within the scope of their 1-year fellowship, we expect the Fellows to build from the support of the CoP to develop a curriculum of training activities they will supervise and conduct themselves. Additionally, the Fellows will participate in the design and elaboration of online resources, to build the online presence of the CoP.
Moving forward, we expect the CoP to grow as the train-the-trainer approach leads to more researchers being able to consolidate their understanding of a robust data practice, and skills in teaching it.
This CoP has been proposed by Dr Roesch (U. Reading, UK), who acts as Coordinator of the project. He is helped by Prof Andrew Stewart (U. Manchester, UK, Coordinator of the CoP “Building a Psychology RDA Community of Practice”), Dr Michael Dayan (U. Geneva, CH), Dr Karolina Finc (Nicolaus Copernicus U., PL), Dr Camille Maumet (Inria, FR), Dr Nicholas Hedger (U. Reading, UK) and Dr Romain Valabrègue (Paris Brain Institute, FR). An Advisory Board provides friendly advice, and includes Prof Carole Goble (U Manchester, UK), Prof David Kennedy (U. Mass, USA) and Prof Jean-Baptiste Poline (McGill, CA).
All partners on the CoP are involved in both national and international efforts, complementary and in support of the CoP. These include national Reproducibility Networks, national and international programmes. Specifically, Dr Roesch and Prof Stewart are the main partners involved. They are both co-investigators on the 5-year Research England Development (RED) Fund programme of research “Growing and Embedding Open Research in Institutional Practice and Culture”. This £8.5m project aims to increase the skills base amongst UK researchers (across disciplines) to allow them to adopt transparent research practices in their own programmes of research. Andrew is also a Fellow of the Software Sustainability Institute (whose focus is on the recognition of the importance of research software, including the provision of best-practice software development skills, in research in the research environment). Dr Roesch is on the UK Reproducibility Network steering group. Both Dr Roesch and Prof Stewart are UKRN Institutional Leads representing their home institutions, and both are qualified Carpentry Instructors. Dr Stewart is also a Fellow of the Sustainable Software Institute. This CoP will interact closely with the UKRN and other national and international programmes. It will also interact with partners such as ELIXIR (the co-lead for which sits on our advisory board). Initial activity of this CoP will be funded via the RDA/EOSC Community of Practice award, and via interactions with other Psychologists within the UKRN.
Both neuroscience and psychology CoP will be hosted on a common platform, to consolidate material and engagement with the community in Europe and globally. Both CoP will engage with their Fellows and respective communities according to their own schedule of work, composed of tailored training sessions and workshops, and at least once a year, will organise a General Assembly with members of the CoPs, to assess activities and make plans for the future.
The main focus of this CoP will be to provide Neuroscientists with the knowledge and technical skills needed to adopt effective and open data and research management practices. Activities organised for and by the fellows will be monitored. Projects that will arise from the CoP will be made available on the website.
For timeline and potential group members and supporting organisations please see the complete Agreement attached.
Author: Rebecca Koskela
Date: 28 Jul, 2022
As noted in the instructions for creating a Community of Practice:
This proposed CoP does not fulfill the basic requirement that there was an existing RDA IG or WG with a RDA-endorsed Recommendation and/or Supporting Output. The existing CoP, IGAD, did meet all of these requirements. This is an interesting project but they should consider an alternative route into RDA rather than a Community of Practice, perhaps as a Working Group or Interest Group.
Because the group does not meet the CoP requirements, I do not think it should be approved as a Community of Practice.
Author: Francoise Genova
Date: 03 Aug, 2022
It is always good to see a new community willing to join the RDA to fulfil the community's own needs, and the CoP proposal brings up a new very interesting subject. However, I agree with Rebecca Koskela's comment that the proposal does not fulfil the basic requirements for a CoP. The current starting point for a new thematic community in RDA is to propose an Interest Group or eventually a Working Group if the work plan is to prepare deliverables on an 18-month period.
The two CoP proposals brought back to my mind several questions I got during the last months, from people willing to start thematic activities in the RDA who were thinking to propose a CoP. My answer has been the one I recalled above, to start with an Interest Group, eventually with the objective to propose a CoP when the first results will be obtained. But it seems that an RDA Group with a name refering to "Community" would be much more appealing than just an Interest Group for the people willing to start such an activity. It may also be in the interest of the RDA to identify better its thematic Groups. Would it make sense to think about a sub-category of IGs which could be called "Community Interest Groups" or something similar?